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Batteries consist of a group of plates, each of which is made up of positive plates and negative plates separated by separators to prevent them from short-circuiting, an electrolyte, a plastic container, and a cover. The container is divided into six compartments, and each plate is connected in series to make up 12V.
The main parts of a battery
Note: The positive plate is also called the plus plate.
The grid of plate (one example)
In addition, a positive and a negative terminal are provided to enable the connection of cables. The electrolyte is a dilute sulfur acid with a specific gravity of 1.280 (when fully charged).
The plates play an important role in the storage of electric energy in the battery, and they are composed of a grid and active material.
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